Medications for Diabetes and Their Possible Side Effects

The large amount of food we consume is converted to glucose (sugar) during the digestive process. Glucose moves in the bloodstream and is expected to be absorbed by the body to provide food and energy to the body.

If the pancreas fails in producing insulin, glucose levels will rise and eventually will cause diabetes. Now there will be a need for medicines for diabetes.

The medication to be taken will solve the following problem:

  • Non-insulin production
  • Insulin resistance
  • Too little insulin is produced; too much glucose is not absorbed
  • Too little glucose is absorbed; too much insulin is not used

Basic treatment of diabetes mellitus including gestational diabetes requires a well-planned diet and exercise. The problem regarding the type of drug to be given now will be different according to the type of diabetes that is managed.

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The cure for type-1 diabetes is through the injection of insulin as much as the body needs as soon as possible. Therefore, insulin supplements must enter the bloodstream directly to allow immediate glucose uptake.

Oral medication is not recommended as much as this type of drug must pass through the digestive system before reaching the bloodstream. Too long will make diabetic patients weak or worst, causing death.

Medications for type-2 diabetes and gestational diabetes are oral medications, as much as glucose absorption still occurs but too little to maintain the normal amount needed by the body.

In some cases, the condition of diabetes will worsen and oral medications will not be enough to allow glucose uptake. Therefore, type 2 diabetes will now require oral medication and insulin injection.